Design a complete landscaped area that encompasses conservation, restoration, and native ecosystem rebuilding right on-site.
Design connects CES with clients and team members to ensure that conservation, restoration maximize ecosystem services. There are two levels to design:
Large scale design:
Planning & budgeting, revising conventional plans to maximize native ecosystem services delivered, cost/benefit analyses, scientific monitoring plans (e.g., Before-After-Control-Impact assessment design), literature reviews.
Intermediate-fine scale design:
Connecting natural reference sites to target sites and conducting required fieldwork/assessments of abiotic (biophysical & chemical) & biotic data to set baseline models for ecosystem function/services.
wetland and upland design
Wetland, grassland and forest designs for an area to be restored or reclaimed/rebuilt. This may contain the least to most ecologically based options, with costs and benefits, including, but not limited to: preliminary costs, differences between unsustainable options (e.g., lawns and non-native tree species) in terms of ecosystem functions and services, bird, amphibian, beneficial insect and other animal habitat, human use and enjoyment, and others.
Integrated Pest Management Plan
Weed control starts with careful planning and incorporating all site specific biotic and abiotic conditions. Not all non-native species are noxious or will necessarily become invasive, which depending on site ecology, can be affected by competition, nutrient loading and many other factor which impact every species differently. Well designed IPM plans merge environmental (local and landscape), site plans and other information to set-up locally adapted control plans that will have a minimum impact on native ecosystems, water, soils, animals, plants and people.
Area survey for background ecological site information to assist in planning and development. This can include target area connectivity with local native and introduced sources, bird and other animal habitats, and provide pre-construction briefs / reports.